California

California
In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K – 12 staffing ratios. Their analysis finds that national staffing ratios across K-12 education have risen precipitously over several decades and, despite the impact of the Great Recession, remain at 2004 levels. A state-by-state comparison reveals large disparities across states. Since 2000 California’s staff-student ratio has decreased by 3%.

Download the complete report The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing‏
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Resources & Publications Featuring this State

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Title Date Type Description
Analyzing early impacts of California’s Local Control Funding Formula 12/20/2017 This three-part series analyzes the early impacts of California’s 2013 adoption of the watershed Local Control Funding Formula. The state’s move effectively shifted control over spending decisions from the state legislature to local school districts and eliminated a slew of state-imposed spending rules that many local districts saw as impediments...
The Equity Problem in Teacher Pensions 12/01/2016 Research has shown that teachers and salaries are inequitably distributed within school districts, but the same rationale has yet to be applied to pension wealth. This new paper by Marguerite Roza shows how high-minority schools receive fewer dollars in pension wealth than low-minority schools within the same district, and makes the...
Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts 11/19/2015 Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts In this analysis Marguerite Roza examines both the degree to which pay systems for teachers are more heavily back-loaded than for many other professions and the ramifications of this steep salary curve for teachers, states and school...
Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students 04/16/2015 Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students Teacher benefit costs are rising faster than salaries and new revenues are unlikely to appear. This new analysis by Marguerite Roza shows how a longer work year could increase teachers’ annual salaries and improve student outcomes. This unique...
Teachers’ Pensions and the Overgrazed Commons 03/26/2015 Teachers’ Pensions and the Overgrazed Commons On March 26, 2015 Governing published this commentary by Marguerite Roza and Michael Podgursky on how big raises to teachers nearing retirement is a recipe for letting pension debt get out of control. Read this commentary
How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt 12/12/2014 How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt Teacher salary decisions are often made with little connection to the pension obligations they entail. In this paper, authors Marguerite Roza and Jessica Jonovski model the impacts of late-term raises on teacher pension obligations showing that on average each dollar raise triggers $10 to...
The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing 11/24/2014 The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K – 12 staffing ratios. Their analysis finds that staffing ratios across K-12 education have risen precipitously over several decades...
Funding for Student's Sake: How to Stop Financing Tomorrow's Schools Based on Today's Priorities 05/15/2014 Funding for Student's Sake: How to Stop Financing Tomorrow's Schools Based on Today's Priorities In this essay Marguerite partners with Larry Miller (CRPE) and Suzanne Simburg, to discuss how new funding and allocation models can encourage productive local decision making and how states can seize the rare opportunity many now...
The High Price of Excess Credits 05/21/2013 The High Price of Excess Credits This brief by Alicia Kinne, Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza, examines the cost of extra credits earned by students in California, Georgia and New York and opportunities for state and university leaders to maximize degree attainment with constrained resources. Read this report
More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars 05/21/2013 More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars Cuts to state support for higher education have prompted some universities to raise tuition, admit more out-of-state students, and increase enrollment to close budget gaps. This analysis authored by Marguerite Roza, Alicia Kinne, Patrick Murphy, and Betheny Gross compares these three strategies in public...
The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis 12/01/2012 The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis Consideration of whether smaller classes are preferable to larger ones requires some recognition of the opportunity costs involved. This brief authored by Marguerite Roza and Monica Ouijdani provides a state-by-state context by computing the dollars at stake in marginally raising...
The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master's Degrees in Teacher Compensation 07/01/2012 The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master's Degrees in Teacher Compensation This brief by Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza dissects the nation’s sizeable investment in master’s bumps as a means of highlighting policy obstacles to a more smartly differentiated compensation approach. The report was published by...
The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students 05/01/2010 The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students Looking at the 15 largest districts in California authors Cristina Sepe and Marguerite Roza, demonstrate that teachers at risk of layoff are concentrated in schools with more poor and minority students, concluding that "last in, first out" policies disproportionately affect...
K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings 03/01/2010 K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings This brief by Marguerite Roza, Chris Lozier and Cristina Sepe explores trends in K–12 education jobs—those funded through the stimulus and by other means—to answer the question of what role ARRA played in overall education employment. This Rapid Response brief was published...