Please contact us at edunomics@georgetown.edu for accessible versions of these resources.

A Checklist to Guide Data-Visualization Decisions

2019-07-23T23:42:20+00:00

The financial transparency requirement in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires states to report per-pupil expenditures down to the school level on state and district report cards. As states decide how to visually communicate these data, an important first step is to understand how various stakeholders (e.g., policymakers, district and school leaders, community advocates, parents, media, etc.)

A Checklist to Guide Data-Visualization Decisions2019-07-23T23:42:20+00:00

Interstate Financial Reporting

2019-03-23T13:11:02+00:00

Making the most of school-level per-student spending data Interstate Financial Reporting (IFR) was created by states, for states, to meet the financial data reporting requirement under ESSA—and maximize the value of their efforts. Based on a set of voluntary, minimal reporting criteria, IFR is designed to produce data that have common meaning and can be used to make

Interstate Financial Reporting2019-03-23T13:11:02+00:00

Taking stock of California’s weighted student funding overhaul: What have districts done with their spending flexibility?

2019-03-23T13:42:02+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Tim Coughlin and Laura Anderson Published December 2017 California in 2013 moved to drive more resources for students with higher needs, create more spending flexibility and let districts decide how to spend substantial new dollars by adopting a new watershed state finance policy, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). Our December 2017 analysis examines financial

Taking stock of California’s weighted student funding overhaul: What have districts done with their spending flexibility?2019-03-23T13:42:02+00:00

Did districts concentrate new state money on highest-needs schools? Answer: Depends on the district.

2019-03-23T13:43:35+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Tim Coughlin and Laura Anderson December 2017 California in 2013 implemented a watershed weighted student funding formula (WSF) that deployed substantial new funds to districts based on their counts of student types, while also stripping long-standing spending constraints on districts. The state finance formula (the Local Control Funding Formula or LCFF) specifically boosted allocations to

Did districts concentrate new state money on highest-needs schools? Answer: Depends on the district.2019-03-23T13:43:35+00:00

California’s weighted student funding formula: Does it help money matter more?

2019-03-23T13:52:47+00:00

Elena Derby and Marguerite Roza December 2017 California in 2013 moved to drive more resources for students with higher needs, create more spending flexibility and let districts decide how to spend substantial new dollars by adopting a new watershed state finance policy, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). As California’s Weighted Student Funding (WSF) law enters Year

California’s weighted student funding formula: Does it help money matter more?2019-03-23T13:52:47+00:00

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students

2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2017 New data and accountability agendas have heightened attention to performance disparities between students with different identifiable needs—needs that stem from poverty, disability, or limited English proficiency. To help states design effective funding policies to serve high-needs students, this brief by Marguerite Roza helps states ask the right questions, tap their own data, and

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

Analyzing early impacts of California’s Local Control Funding Formula

2019-03-31T14:02:05+00:00

This three-part series analyzes the early impacts of California’s 2013 adoption of the watershed Local Control Funding Formula. The state’s move effectively shifted control over spending decisions from the state legislature to local school districts and eliminated a slew of state-imposed spending rules that many local districts saw as impediments to doing the most with their dollars.

Analyzing early impacts of California’s Local Control Funding Formula2019-03-31T14:02:05+00:00

College credit in high school: Doing the math on costs

2019-03-23T14:11:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Caitlin Brooks December 2017 In this analysis Marguerite Roza and Caitlin Brooks examine the actual extent of savings (if any) tied to taking college classes in high school by investigating the costs of providing college credit in high school for models in three states: Florida, Georgia, and Ohio. Authors examined costs paid by public dollars,

College credit in high school: Doing the math on costs2019-03-23T14:11:14+00:00

Four Approaches to Assigning Costs to Central Levels vs. School Levels When Calculating Per-Pupil Expenditures

2019-03-31T14:09:26+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan September 2017 This paper authored by Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan outlines different approaches state education agencies may take when calculating per pupil expenditures weighing the benefits and considerations of each. Read More Linked resources: Developing Rhode Island's Chart of Accounts A Conversation with Donna Nester about Mississippi’s Account

Four Approaches to Assigning Costs to Central Levels vs. School Levels When Calculating Per-Pupil Expenditures2019-03-31T14:09:26+00:00

Financial Transparency & Equity

2019-03-26T12:54:12+00:00

Reporting per-pupil expenditures at the school level will undoubtedly uncover some inequitable distribution of resources within states and districts across the country. The videos listed and linked below are part of a larger conversation about the equity element of the financial transparency at a meeting we convened in February 2017. State education agencies may find these videos helpful as

Financial Transparency & Equity2019-03-26T12:54:12+00:00

Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement: Where to start

2019-03-23T14:25:29+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan March 2017 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan describe their work with 22 state education agencies to identify data readiness to meet the financial transparency reporting requirement and outline the inventory processes so other states can identify their own data readiness and start to outline next steps to meet the requirement.

Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement: Where to start2019-03-23T14:25:29+00:00

The Productivity Opportunity: A Role-Playing Activity to Engage Leaders in Financial and Outcomes Data

2019-07-23T23:05:44+00:00

This document offers a set of exercises designed to help education leaders better understand the relationship between spending and student performance—and position them to use emerging data to explore opportunities for productivity in their day-to-day work improving education. The exercises are intended to make productivity data easily comprehensible. They are designed to engage education leaders and

The Productivity Opportunity: A Role-Playing Activity to Engage Leaders in Financial and Outcomes Data2019-07-23T23:05:44+00:00

With New Data, School Finance is Coming Out of the Dark Ages

2019-03-23T14:32:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza August 4, 2017 In this post and podcast Marguerite Roza shares how a sleeper provision in the Every Student Succeeds Act will serve up a motherlode of never-before-available school-level financial data. And how if we seize the unprecedented opportunity this data offers, we will be better equipped to tackle some of education’s most pressing issues.

With New Data, School Finance is Coming Out of the Dark Ages2019-03-23T14:32:14+00:00

Productivity Improvements Paper Series

2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Jim Simpkins, Jessica Jonovski and Amanda Warco Below are links to several papers by Edunomics Lab cost modeling productivity improvements. The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K-12 staffing ratios. Their analysis

Productivity Improvements Paper Series2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

The Equity Problem in Teacher Pensions

2019-03-23T14:37:54+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan January 2017 Research has shown that teachers and salaries are inequitably distributed within school districts, but the same rationale has yet to be applied to pension wealth. This new paper by Marguerite Roza shows how high-minority schools receive fewer dollars in pension wealth than low-minority schools within the same district, and makes the

The Equity Problem in Teacher Pensions2019-03-23T14:37:54+00:00

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education

2019-05-28T23:37:31+00:00

Marguerite Roza Fall 2015 In this article published by Education Next author Marguerite Roza discusses how school systems can improve productivity when so much of what matters -- human interactions -- can't be centrally managed and scaled across schools. This article was originally published by New York State Association of School Business Officers in The Reporter Fall

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education2019-05-28T23:37:31+00:00

The Productivity of Rural Schools

2019-07-22T23:08:49+00:00

Marguerite Roza March 2016 Remote rural districts are often more expensive and yield lower student outcomes than urban and suburban districts. Yet some rural districts generate higher-than-expected learning results without proportionately higher spending. Based on interviews with leaders in 30 rural remote districts, Marguerite Roza identifies six factors that make some districts “productivity superstars." This

The Productivity of Rural Schools2019-07-22T23:08:49+00:00

The Smart Money:  Designing a school budget to get the most for your school dollar

2019-03-27T04:02:05+00:00

Marguerite Roza March 2017 In this hands-on workshop presented at NAIS national conference in March 2017 school leaders dove into the math of school resource allocation. Dr Roza shared innovative financial strategies and how leaders could apply the concepts to their own school context. Topics included; getting a grip on rising costs; gauging value for programs and courses;

The Smart Money:  Designing a school budget to get the most for your school dollar2019-03-27T04:02:05+00:00

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be.

2019-04-09T12:18:48+00:00

Marguerite Roza Fall 2015 Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be. In this article author Marguerite Roza discusses how school systems can improve productivity when so much of what matters -- human interactions -- can't be centrally managed of scaled across schools. This article was published by

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be.2019-04-09T12:18:48+00:00

Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts

2019-04-09T12:24:26+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2015 In this analysis Marguerite Roza examines both the degree to which pay systems for teachers are more heavily back-loaded than for many other professions and the ramifications of this steep salary curve for teachers, states and school districts. She details how teachers and school districts could benefit by switching from doling out raises

Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts2019-04-09T12:24:26+00:00

Highly Productive Rural Districts: What is the Secret Sauce?

2019-04-08T22:11:25+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Georgia Heyward September 2015 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Georgia Heyward identify some common themes that makes some remote rural districts “productivity superstars” and describe steps states can take to encourage and support district productivity. This paper was published by the Rural Opportunities Consortium of Idaho. Read More

Highly Productive Rural Districts: What is the Secret Sauce?2019-04-08T22:11:25+00:00

Promoting Productivity: Lessons from Rural Schools

2019-04-09T12:33:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2015 In this essay author Marguerite Roza challenges the assumption that rural districts are less productive than their urban or suburban peers by discussing rural districts can “beat the odds” by increasing student results without increasing per-pupil expenditures. Read More

Promoting Productivity: Lessons from Rural Schools2019-04-09T12:33:14+00:00

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students

2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Marguerite Roza April 2015 Teacher benefit costs are rising faster than salaries and new revenues are unlikely to appear. This new analysis by Marguerite Roza shows how a longer work year could increase teachers’ annual salaries and improve student outcomes. This unique solution works best as a flexible option for districts. Read More

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Title I: Time to Get It Right

2019-04-09T12:50:04+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Robin Lake March 2015 In this brief Marguerite Roza and Robin Lake, Center on Reinventing Public Education, reflect on the goals of Title I and offer five key principles to guide changes to Title I to fulfill its promise to poor students. Read More

Title I: Time to Get It Right2019-04-09T12:50:04+00:00

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students

2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco February 2015 Research has found that the impact of an effective teacher outweighs the impacts of smaller class sizes. In this analysis authors Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco find allowing our best teachers to teach more students in lieu of hiring additional staff could offer teachers bonuses as high as $10,357 to

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

Innovation Amid Financial Scarcity: The Opportunity in Rural Schools

2019-04-10T12:41:24+00:00

Marguerite Roza February 2015 In this paper, published by the Rural Opportunities Consortium of Idaho, Marguerite Roza explores spending and outcomes data of rural schools and highlights policy implications for states seeking improved outcomes for all their districts in the context of limited resources. Read More

Innovation Amid Financial Scarcity: The Opportunity in Rural Schools2019-04-10T12:41:24+00:00

The Phantom Menace: Policies that Protect Districts from Declining or Low Enrollments, Drive Up Spending and Inhibit Adaptation

2019-04-10T12:47:41+00:00

Jon Fullerton and Marguerite Roza January 2015 In this paper, part of the Productivity for Results Series published by George W. Bush Institute, authors Jon Fullerton and Marguerite Roza examine the curious practice of states funding school districts for students that no longer attend school there. Read More

The Phantom Menace: Policies that Protect Districts from Declining or Low Enrollments, Drive Up Spending and Inhibit Adaptation2019-04-10T12:47:41+00:00

How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt

2019-08-21T20:38:26+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Jessica Jonovski December 2014 Teacher salary decisions are often made with little connection to the pension obligations they entail. In this paper, authors Marguerite Roza and Jessica Jonovski model the impacts of late-term raises on teacher pension obligations showing that on average each dollar raise triggers $10 to $16 in new taxpayer obligations. The

How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt2019-08-21T20:38:26+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing

2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K – 12 staffing ratios. Their analysis finds that staffing ratios across K-12 education have risen precipitously over several decades and, despite the impact of the Great Recession, remain at

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

Denver Public Schools: Making More Money Follow Students

2019-04-11T12:34:35+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds June 2014 Denver Public Schools: Making More Money Follow Students In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds share how Denver Public Schools has over time steadily increased the amount of district funds deployed through its student based allocation formula. Read More

Denver Public Schools: Making More Money Follow Students2019-04-11T12:34:35+00:00

What Portion of District Funds Follow Students?

2019-04-11T12:38:56+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds June 2014 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds examine 12 urban district budgets for FY 2014 to determine the percentage of each district's total resources allocated on the basis of students and discuss the similarities and differences in their student based allocation formulas. Read More View Updated Research

What Portion of District Funds Follow Students?2019-04-11T12:38:56+00:00

Boston Public Schools: Weighting What Matters

2019-04-11T12:42:18+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds June 2014 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Cory Edmonds share how in recent years, Boston Public Schools detailed student based allocation formula has undergone several revisions both to further refine student categories and to deploy additional portions of the district’s resources. Read More

Boston Public Schools: Weighting What Matters2019-04-11T12:42:18+00:00

A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity

2019-04-11T12:50:08+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2014 A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity In this essay Marguerite Roza discusses the data needed to support districts and schools as they seek new, more productive solutions. Read More

A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity2019-04-11T12:50:08+00:00

Funding for Student’s Sake: How to Stop Financing Tomorrow’s Schools Based on Today’s Priorities

2019-09-16T20:00:15+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Larry Miller (CRPE) and Suzanne Simburg May 2014 In this essay Marguerite partners with Larry Miller (CRPE) and Suzanne Simburg, to discuss how new funding and allocation models can encourage productive local decision making and how states can seize the rare opportunity many now have to redesign their funding allocation models. Read More

Funding for Student’s Sake: How to Stop Financing Tomorrow’s Schools Based on Today’s Priorities2019-09-16T20:00:15+00:00

SEA of the Future: Building the Productivity Infrastructure

2019-04-11T13:04:17+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2014 Marguerite Roza authored two essays in this volume of The SEA of the Future. This volume published by BSCP Center introduces the “productivity infrastructure" the building blocks for an SEA committed to supporting productivity, innovation, and performance—from the state chief to the classroom. Read Marguerite's essays: Funding for Student's Sake: How to Stop

SEA of the Future: Building the Productivity Infrastructure2019-04-11T13:04:17+00:00

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor

2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza March 2014   Public schools impact the cultural and material well-being of communities. In this paper authors Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza share how mayors can improve the quality-of-life and the economic base in their municipality by finding and promoting productive school models. Read More

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

The SEA of the Future: Prioritizing Productivity

2019-04-17T19:42:18+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Betheny Gross, Ashley Jochim Michael Podgursky and Data Quality Campaign November 2013 Marguerite Roza co-authored two essays in this volume of The SEA of the Future. This volume published by BSCP Center examines how state leaders, challenged with having to make decisions on how to use limited resources are faced with an uneasy zero-sum game:

The SEA of the Future: Prioritizing Productivity2019-04-17T19:42:18+00:00

Teacher Retirement Benefits: Defining a More Active Role for SEAs and Their Chiefs

2019-04-17T19:51:49+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Michael Podgursky November 2013 In this essay from The SEA of the Future Volume 2, Marguerite Roza and Michael Podgursky draw on their research on productivity and pensions to look in depth at the startling long-term costs of educator pension systems and the counterproductive employment incentives embedded in these systems. Although only state legislatures

Teacher Retirement Benefits: Defining a More Active Role for SEAs and Their Chiefs2019-04-17T19:51:49+00:00

Leveraging Productivity for Progress: An Imperative for States

2019-04-17T19:59:59+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2013 In this essay published in The SEA of the Future, Volume 2, author Marguerite Roza makes the case for why productivity is essential to improving outcomes for students. Roza offers officials at state education agencies an action plan toward embedding productivity into everyday decision making. Read More

Leveraging Productivity for Progress: An Imperative for States2019-04-17T19:59:59+00:00

The High Price of Excess Credits

2019-04-17T21:47:46+00:00

Alicia Kinne, Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza May 2013 This brief by Alicia Kinne, Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza, examines the cost of extra credits earned by students in California, Georgia and New York and opportunities for state and university leaders to maximize degree attainment with constrained resources. Read More

The High Price of Excess Credits2019-04-17T21:47:46+00:00

More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars

2019-04-17T21:57:02+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Alicia Kinne, Patrick Murphy, and Betheny Gross May 2013 Cuts to state support for higher education have prompted some universities to raise tuition, admit more out-of-state students, and increase enrollment to close budget gaps. This analysis authored by Marguerite Roza, Alicia Kinne, Patrick Murphy, and Betheny Gross compares these three strategies in public flagship universities,

More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars2019-04-17T21:57:02+00:00

Funding Phantom Students

2019-04-17T22:10:56+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Jon Fullerton Summer 2013 In this brief published by Education Next, authors Marguerite Roza and Jon Fullerton describe a common practice that inhibits both efficiency and productivity: funding students who do not actually attend school in funded districts and how this is often overlooked by state leaders. Read this Report

Funding Phantom Students2019-04-17T22:10:56+00:00

How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking

2019-04-17T22:16:22+00:00

Marguerite Roza January 2013 Marguerite Roza authored chapter three of Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century (P. McGuinn and P. Manna, eds). This book comprehensively assesses the strengths and weaknesses of what remains of the old in education governance, scrutinizes how traditional governance forms are changing, and suggests how governing arrangements might be further altered to produce

How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking2019-04-17T22:16:22+00:00

The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master’s Degrees in Teacher Compensation

2019-04-21T13:00:03+00:00

Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza July 2012 This brief by Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza dissects the nation’s sizeable investment in master’s bumps as a means of highlighting policy obstacles to a more smartly differentiated compensation approach. The report was published by the Center for American Progress. Read this Paper

The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master’s Degrees in Teacher Compensation2019-04-21T13:00:03+00:00

Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers

2019-04-21T13:10:24+00:00

Michael J. Petrilli and Marguerite Roza January 2011 This policy brief by Michael J. Petrilli and Marguerite Roza lists fifteen concrete ways that states can “stretch the school dollar” in these difficult financial times. This brief was published by Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Read More

Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers2019-04-21T13:10:24+00:00

Curing Baumol’s Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Curing Baumol's Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education This paper published by Center on Reinventing Public Education first explores the past and future outlook for education absent productivity gains. The authors, Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza, then discuss several areas in which labor-intensive businesses have improved productivity: information technology, deregulation, redefinition of the product, increased efficiency in

Curing Baumol’s Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

A False Dilemma: Should decisions about education resource use be made at the state or local level?

2019-04-21T13:36:38+00:00

Thomas B. Timar and Marguerite Roza May 2010 As states have assumed a greater role in financing education and the assumption of local control has been replaced by systems of state control. This shift in authority raises several critical questions. In this paper published by the American Journal of Education the authors, Thomas B. Timar and Marguerite

A False Dilemma: Should decisions about education resource use be made at the state or local level?2019-04-21T13:36:38+00:00

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom This analysis by Marguerite Roza published by Education Next in summer 2009 examines ways in which per-pupil spending in high schools varies by subject and course level, and demonstrates how isolating spending on discrete services can 1) identify the relationships between priorities, current spending, and outcomes; 2) clarify both relative

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go?

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go? This book authored by Marguerite Roza explains how varied funding streams can prevent schools from delivering academic services that mesh with their stated priorities and offers concrete prescriptions for reform. This book is available for purchase at Amazon

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go?2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings This analysis by Marguerite Roza and Susan Funk explores how state education spending has changed or will change given the application of the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund. This Rapid Response brief was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education This paper by Marguerite Roza examines how calculating the per unit costs of what schools or districts can deliver can provide the best insight into the implications of all that spending. This paper was prepared for the American Enterprise Institute and Thomas B. Fordham Institute conference,

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education

2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00

Marguerite Roza February 2009 In this Rapid Response brief, published by Center on Reinventing Public Education, Marguerite Roza details why K-12 school districts that lay off personnel according to seniority cause disproportionate damage to their programs and students than if layoffs were determined on a seniority-neutral basis. Button Text

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00

What is the Sum of the Parts?

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

What is the Sum of the Parts? How Federal, State, and District Funding Streams Confound Efforts to Address Different Student Types This report by Marguerite Roza, Kacey Guin, and Tricia Davis demonstrates in greater detail than ever before how America’s methods of school finance work against a single-minded focus on student learning. This paper was published by Center on Reinventing

What is the Sum of the Parts?2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Understanding Student-Weighted Allocation as a Means to Greater School Resource Equity

2019-10-02T19:41:17+00:00

Karen Hawley Miles and Marguerite Roza December 2006 This article by Karen Hawley Miles and Marguerite Roza examines how the shift to student-weighted allocation affected the pattern of resource distribution within 2 districts: the Houston Independent School District and Cincinnati Public Schools. This study published in Peabody Journal of Education provides evidence that student-weighted allocation can be

Understanding Student-Weighted Allocation as a Means to Greater School Resource Equity2019-10-02T19:41:17+00:00

How Districts Shortchange Low-Income and Minority Students

2019-04-21T14:04:34+00:00

Marguerite Roza 2006 This article by Marguerite Roza appeared in Funding Gaps 2006, a report published by Education Trust. The full report documents how school finance policy choices at the federal, state, and district levels systematically stack the deck against students who need the most support from their schools. Dr. Roza's analysis demonstrates that, despite district bookkeeping

How Districts Shortchange Low-Income and Minority Students2019-04-21T14:04:34+00:00

Pennywise and Pound Foolish in Education

2019-05-23T23:22:37+00:00

Pennywise and Pound Foolish in Education This article written by Marguerite Roza and Paul Hill provides an overview of school funding. With the understanding that no one exactly knows how money for schools is spent and who receives the money, the authors suggest that weighed student funding would show exactly where the money is going and foster transparency and

Pennywise and Pound Foolish in Education2019-05-23T23:22:37+00:00

A Cost Allocation Model for Shared District Resources: A Means for Comparing Spending Across Schools

2019-05-23T23:57:03+00:00

Lawrence J. Miller, Marguerite Roza, and Claudine Swartz Recent policy changes at the state and federal level have made schools the focus of accountability. However, under current budgeting practices, it is difficult to assess how resources are distributed between schools and whether every school is afforded the same opportunities to meet its educational goals. This paper authored

A Cost Allocation Model for Shared District Resources: A Means for Comparing Spending Across Schools2019-05-23T23:57:03+00:00

Leveling the Playing Field: Creating Funding Equity Through Student-Based Budgeting

2019-05-23T23:32:36+00:00

Karen Hawley Miles, Kathleen Ware, and Marguerite Roza When Cincinnati Public Schools devised a reform strategy for improving student performance, it became clear that the district's traditional budgeting system was inadequate. This report, published by The Phi Delta Kappa, traces the district's process of moving to a system of student based budgeting: funding children rather than staff

Leveling the Playing Field: Creating Funding Equity Through Student-Based Budgeting2019-05-23T23:32:36+00:00