Please contact us at edunomics@georgetown.edu for accessible versions of these resources.

Taking stock of California’s weighted student funding overhaul: What have districts done with their spending flexibility?

2019-03-23T13:42:02+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Tim Coughlin and Laura Anderson Published December 2017 California in 2013 moved to drive more resources for students with higher needs, create more spending flexibility and let districts decide how to spend substantial new dollars by adopting a new watershed state finance policy, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). Our December 2017 analysis examines financial

Taking stock of California’s weighted student funding overhaul: What have districts done with their spending flexibility?2019-03-23T13:42:02+00:00

Did districts concentrate new state money on highest-needs schools? Answer: Depends on the district.

2019-03-23T13:43:35+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Tim Coughlin and Laura Anderson December 2017 California in 2013 implemented a watershed weighted student funding formula (WSF) that deployed substantial new funds to districts based on their counts of student types, while also stripping long-standing spending constraints on districts. The state finance formula (the Local Control Funding Formula or LCFF) specifically boosted allocations to

Did districts concentrate new state money on highest-needs schools? Answer: Depends on the district.2019-03-23T13:43:35+00:00

California’s weighted student funding formula: Does it help money matter more?

2019-03-23T13:52:47+00:00

Elena Derby and Marguerite Roza December 2017 California in 2013 moved to drive more resources for students with higher needs, create more spending flexibility and let districts decide how to spend substantial new dollars by adopting a new watershed state finance policy, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). As California’s Weighted Student Funding (WSF) law enters Year

California’s weighted student funding formula: Does it help money matter more?2019-03-23T13:52:47+00:00

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students

2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2017 New data and accountability agendas have heightened attention to performance disparities between students with different identifiable needs—needs that stem from poverty, disability, or limited English proficiency. To help states design effective funding policies to serve high-needs students, this brief by Marguerite Roza helps states ask the right questions, tap their own data, and

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

Analyzing early impacts of California’s Local Control Funding Formula

2019-03-31T14:02:05+00:00

This three-part series analyzes the early impacts of California’s 2013 adoption of the watershed Local Control Funding Formula. The state’s move effectively shifted control over spending decisions from the state legislature to local school districts and eliminated a slew of state-imposed spending rules that many local districts saw as impediments to doing the most with their dollars.

Analyzing early impacts of California’s Local Control Funding Formula2019-03-31T14:02:05+00:00

College credit in high school: Doing the math on costs

2019-03-23T14:11:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Caitlin Brooks December 2017 In this analysis Marguerite Roza and Caitlin Brooks examine the actual extent of savings (if any) tied to taking college classes in high school by investigating the costs of providing college credit in high school for models in three states: Florida, Georgia, and Ohio. Authors examined costs paid by public dollars,

College credit in high school: Doing the math on costs2019-03-23T14:11:14+00:00

Productivity Improvements Paper Series

2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Jim Simpkins, Jessica Jonovski and Amanda Warco Below are links to several papers by Edunomics Lab cost modeling productivity improvements. The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K-12 staffing ratios. Their analysis

Productivity Improvements Paper Series2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

The Equity Problem in Teacher Pensions

2019-03-23T14:37:54+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan January 2017 Research has shown that teachers and salaries are inequitably distributed within school districts, but the same rationale has yet to be applied to pension wealth. This new paper by Marguerite Roza shows how high-minority schools receive fewer dollars in pension wealth than low-minority schools within the same district, and makes the

The Equity Problem in Teacher Pensions2019-03-23T14:37:54+00:00

Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts

2019-04-09T12:24:26+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2015 In this analysis Marguerite Roza examines both the degree to which pay systems for teachers are more heavily back-loaded than for many other professions and the ramifications of this steep salary curve for teachers, states and school districts. She details how teachers and school districts could benefit by switching from doling out raises

Breaking tradition: A fixed-dollar pay raise strategy that benefits teachers and school districts2019-04-09T12:24:26+00:00

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students

2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Marguerite Roza April 2015 Teacher benefit costs are rising faster than salaries and new revenues are unlikely to appear. This new analysis by Marguerite Roza shows how a longer work year could increase teachers’ annual salaries and improve student outcomes. This unique solution works best as a flexible option for districts. Read More

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students

2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco February 2015 Research has found that the impact of an effective teacher outweighs the impacts of smaller class sizes. In this analysis authors Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco find allowing our best teachers to teach more students in lieu of hiring additional staff could offer teachers bonuses as high as $10,357 to

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt

2019-08-21T20:38:26+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Jessica Jonovski December 2014 Teacher salary decisions are often made with little connection to the pension obligations they entail. In this paper, authors Marguerite Roza and Jessica Jonovski model the impacts of late-term raises on teacher pension obligations showing that on average each dollar raise triggers $10 to $16 in new taxpayer obligations. The

How Late-Career Raises Drive Teacher-Pension Debt2019-08-21T20:38:26+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing

2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K – 12 staffing ratios. Their analysis finds that staffing ratios across K-12 education have risen precipitously over several decades and, despite the impact of the Great Recession, remain at

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor

2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza March 2014   Public schools impact the cultural and material well-being of communities. In this paper authors Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza share how mayors can improve the quality-of-life and the economic base in their municipality by finding and promoting productive school models. Read More

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

The High Price of Excess Credits

2019-04-17T21:47:46+00:00

Alicia Kinne, Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza May 2013 This brief by Alicia Kinne, Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza, examines the cost of extra credits earned by students in California, Georgia and New York and opportunities for state and university leaders to maximize degree attainment with constrained resources. Read More

The High Price of Excess Credits2019-04-17T21:47:46+00:00

More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars

2019-04-17T21:57:02+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Alicia Kinne, Patrick Murphy, and Betheny Gross May 2013 Cuts to state support for higher education have prompted some universities to raise tuition, admit more out-of-state students, and increase enrollment to close budget gaps. This analysis authored by Marguerite Roza, Alicia Kinne, Patrick Murphy, and Betheny Gross compares these three strategies in public flagship universities,

More Students, More Degrees, More Dollars2019-04-17T21:57:02+00:00

Student-Based Allocation to Enable School Choice

2019-03-06T04:47:56+00:00

Student-Based Allocation to Enable School Choice This brief authored by Marguerite Roza and Suzanne Simburg published by Center on Reinventing Public Education explains the need for student-based allocation to enable student choice and portable funding across schools within districts. Read this report

Student-Based Allocation to Enable School Choice2019-03-06T04:47:56+00:00

Innovating Toward Sustainability: How Computer Labs Can Enable New Staffing Structures, and New Savings

2019-04-20T13:34:57+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Suzanne Simburg December 2012 Using wage and staffing data from states, authors Marguerite Roza and Suzanne Simburg project the financial and staffing implications of one innovative school model (the Rocketship lab rotation) to highlight potential impacts on the schooling workforce and total per-student spending. This Rapid Response brief was published by the Center on

Innovating Toward Sustainability: How Computer Labs Can Enable New Staffing Structures, and New Savings2019-04-20T13:34:57+00:00

Are Residents Losing Their Edge in Public University Admissions? The Case at the University of Washington

2019-04-20T13:39:46+00:00

Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza December 2012 Public universities across the country are shifting more spots to nonresidents (who pay higher tuitions) in order to plug budget gaps. This Rapid Response brief authored by Grant Blume and Marguerite Roza examines admissions data at the University of Washington in order to in order to quantify the effect on

Are Residents Losing Their Edge in Public University Admissions? The Case at the University of Washington2019-04-20T13:39:46+00:00

What Happens to Teacher Salaries During a Recession?

2019-04-20T13:46:19+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Suzanne Simburg, Jim Simpkins December 2012 This study by Marguerite Roza, Suzanne Simburg, Jim Simpkins uses data from Seattle Public Schools to explore actual salary changes amidst rapid changes in economic context and the effect of the recession on teacher pay. This Rapid Response brief was published by the Center on Reinventing Public Education.

What Happens to Teacher Salaries During a Recession?2019-04-20T13:46:19+00:00

The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis

2019-04-20T13:50:21+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Monica Ouijdani December 2012 Consideration of whether smaller classes are preferable to larger ones requires some recognition of the opportunity costs involved. This brief authored by Marguerite Roza and Monica Ouijdani provides a state-by-state context by computing the dollars at stake in marginally raising the number of students per class. This paper was published

The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis2019-04-20T13:50:21+00:00

Q&A on the Chicago Teachers Contract Math

2019-04-20T13:54:46+00:00

Marguerite Roza September 2012 In this Rapid Response brief published by Center on Reinventing Public Education author Marguerite Roza examines the real numbers on the Chicago teachers contract costs. Read More

Q&A on the Chicago Teachers Contract Math2019-04-20T13:54:46+00:00

Chicago Teacher Salaries in the Regional Chicago Context

2019-04-20T13:58:27+00:00

Marguerite Roza September 2012 In Rapid Response brief published by Center on Reinventing Public Education author Marguerite Roza examines at how Chicago teacher salaries compare in regional and national contexts. Read More

Chicago Teacher Salaries in the Regional Chicago Context2019-04-20T13:58:27+00:00

The Promise of Cafeteria-Style Benefits for Districts and Teachers

2019-04-21T13:14:55+00:00

Noah Wepman, Marguerite Roza and Cristina Sepe December 2010 This brief by Noah Wepman, Marguerite Roza and Cristina Sepe describes how a different method of supplying benefits to employees might work for districts: cafeteria plans. While typical school district plans offer a one-size-fits-all package of benefits to employees, cafeteria plans allow employees to customize their benefits within

The Promise of Cafeteria-Style Benefits for Districts and Teachers2019-04-21T13:14:55+00:00

Washington State High Schools Pay Less for Math and Science Teachers than for Teachers in Other Subjects

2019-04-21T13:30:34+00:00

Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza This paper published by Center on Reinventing Public Education first explores the past and future outlook for education absent productivity gains. The authors, Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza, then discuss several areas in which labor-intensive businesses have improved productivity: information technology, deregulation, redefinition of the product, increased efficiency in the supply chain,

Washington State High Schools Pay Less for Math and Science Teachers than for Teachers in Other Subjects2019-04-21T13:30:34+00:00

The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students

2019-04-21T13:41:21+00:00

Cristina Sepe and Marguerite Roza May 2010 Looking at the 15 largest districts in California authors Cristina Sepe and Marguerite Roza, demonstrate that teachers at risk of layoff are concentrated in schools with more poor and minority students, concluding that "last in, first out" policies disproportionately affect the programs and students in their poorer and more minority

The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students2019-04-21T13:41:21+00:00

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings This brief by Marguerite Roza, Chris Lozier and Cristina Sepe explores trends in K–12 education jobs—those funded through the stimulus and by other means—to answer the question of what role ARRA played in overall education employment. This Rapid Response brief was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Beyond Teacher Reassignments: Better Ways Districts Can Remedy Salary Inequities Across Schools

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Beyond Teacher Reassignments: Better Ways Districts Can Remedy Salary Inequities Across Schools This Rapid Response brief by Marguerite Roza and Sarah Yatsko demonstrates how, contrary to common worry, closing Title I's "comparability provision" loophole would not force districts to mandatorily reassign teachers. This paper was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

Beyond Teacher Reassignments: Better Ways Districts Can Remedy Salary Inequities Across Schools2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings This analysis by Marguerite Roza and Susan Funk explores how state education spending has changed or will change given the application of the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund. This Rapid Response brief was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education

2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00

Marguerite Roza February 2009 In this Rapid Response brief, published by Center on Reinventing Public Education, Marguerite Roza details why K-12 school districts that lay off personnel according to seniority cause disproportionate damage to their programs and students than if layoffs were determined on a seniority-neutral basis. Button Text

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00