Please contact us at edunomics@georgetown.edu for accessible versions of these resources.

Equipping School Leaders to Spend Wisely

2019-05-24T11:37:11+00:00

While the revenue side of education finance gets plenty of attention (Is there enough money?), the spending side is equally important and yet gets short shrift. This is partly due to a lack of visibility into how the money is spent. But that is about to change, thanks to a new provision in the Every Student Succeeds Act.

Equipping School Leaders to Spend Wisely2019-05-24T11:37:11+00:00

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students

2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2017 New data and accountability agendas have heightened attention to performance disparities between students with different identifiable needs—needs that stem from poverty, disability, or limited English proficiency. To help states design effective funding policies to serve high-needs students, this brief by Marguerite Roza helps states ask the right questions, tap their own data, and

Funding Student Types: How states can mine their own data to guide finance policy on high-needs students2019-03-23T13:59:31+00:00

What does the ESSA financial transparency requirement mean for districts?

2019-03-31T14:48:22+00:00

Marguerite Roza In this webinar hosted by AASA, Marguerite Roza provides an overview of the financial transparency requirement in the Every Student Succeeds Act, highlight lessons learned from states working towards meeting the requirement, and provide a district lens for thinking about the opportunities this new data can provide. View the recorded webinar View Presentation

What does the ESSA financial transparency requirement mean for districts?2019-03-31T14:48:22+00:00

Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement: Where to start

2019-03-23T14:25:29+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan March 2017 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Katherine Hagan describe their work with 22 state education agencies to identify data readiness to meet the financial transparency reporting requirement and outline the inventory processes so other states can identify their own data readiness and start to outline next steps to meet the requirement.

Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement: Where to start2019-03-23T14:25:29+00:00

School-level spending: Financial transparency coming to every community in 2018

2019-08-05T23:38:38+00:00

Marguerite Roza June 2017 At the Education Writers Association National Seminar on June 2nd, hosted at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., Marguerite Roza presented on new school spending reports emerging under the federal ESSA financial transparency requirement. In this session, reporters gained insight into what can be learned from pairing school-level financial data with outcomes and other data, as

School-level spending: Financial transparency coming to every community in 20182019-08-05T23:38:38+00:00

With New Data, School Finance is Coming Out of the Dark Ages

2019-03-23T14:32:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza August 4, 2017 In this post and podcast Marguerite Roza shares how a sleeper provision in the Every Student Succeeds Act will serve up a motherlode of never-before-available school-level financial data. And how if we seize the unprecedented opportunity this data offers, we will be better equipped to tackle some of education’s most pressing issues.

With New Data, School Finance is Coming Out of the Dark Ages2019-03-23T14:32:14+00:00

Productivity Improvements Paper Series

2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Jim Simpkins, Jessica Jonovski and Amanda Warco Below are links to several papers by Edunomics Lab cost modeling productivity improvements. The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K-12 staffing ratios. Their analysis

Productivity Improvements Paper Series2019-04-09T11:42:28+00:00

New Era of School Finance

2019-04-08T22:17:52+00:00

A New Era of School Finance The McCourt School of Public Policy’s 2016 LEAD Conference, A New Era of School Finance, led by Seattle-based research center Edunomics Lab, convened leading authorities for a dialogue on the complexities of education finance in light of the new Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The conference sessions examined how leadership roles at each

New Era of School Finance2019-04-08T22:17:52+00:00

Are public universities neglecting in-state students?

2019-04-03T15:43:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza April - 2016 Marguerite Roza participated in an online conversation "Room for Debate" hosted by NY Times. Read her response titled "Public Universities Must Not Solve Budget Gaps by Limiting Access to In-State students." Read More

Are public universities neglecting in-state students?2019-04-03T15:43:14+00:00

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education

2019-05-28T23:37:31+00:00

Marguerite Roza Fall 2015 In this article published by Education Next author Marguerite Roza discusses how school systems can improve productivity when so much of what matters -- human interactions -- can't be centrally managed and scaled across schools. This article was originally published by New York State Association of School Business Officers in The Reporter Fall

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education2019-05-28T23:37:31+00:00

The Productivity of Rural Schools

2019-07-22T23:08:49+00:00

Marguerite Roza March 2016 Remote rural districts are often more expensive and yield lower student outcomes than urban and suburban districts. Yet some rural districts generate higher-than-expected learning results without proportionately higher spending. Based on interviews with leaders in 30 rural remote districts, Marguerite Roza identifies six factors that make some districts “productivity superstars." This

The Productivity of Rural Schools2019-07-22T23:08:49+00:00

Advancing System Productivity Webinar Series

2019-03-06T04:47:22+00:00

Advancing System Productivity Webinar Series Edunomics Lab, in partnership with Council of Chief State School Officers and the Building State Capacity and Productivity Center, convened a Community of Practice to support a group of leaders in all states interested in developing a state-specific framework and strategy set related to the SEA’s role in increasing productivity. This series of five webinars

Advancing System Productivity Webinar Series2019-03-06T04:47:22+00:00

Meeting the ESSA Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement

2019-04-09T12:08:49+00:00

On February 9 nearly 100 state and district leaders representing 36 states met in Washington D.C. to explore the opportunities and work ahead to meet the financial transparency reporting requirement in ESSA.  Available presentations are linked below. Full Agenda Presenter Bios The Opportunity of Financial Transparency - Marguerite Roza, Director Edunomics Lab & partner of BSCP

Meeting the ESSA Financial Transparency Reporting Requirement2019-04-09T12:08:49+00:00

The Smart Money:  Designing a school budget to get the most for your school dollar

2019-03-27T04:02:05+00:00

Marguerite Roza March 2017 In this hands-on workshop presented at NAIS national conference in March 2017 school leaders dove into the math of school resource allocation. Dr Roza shared innovative financial strategies and how leaders could apply the concepts to their own school context. Topics included; getting a grip on rising costs; gauging value for programs and courses;

The Smart Money:  Designing a school budget to get the most for your school dollar2019-03-27T04:02:05+00:00

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be.

2019-04-09T12:18:48+00:00

Marguerite Roza Fall 2015 Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be. In this article author Marguerite Roza discusses how school systems can improve productivity when so much of what matters -- human interactions -- can't be centrally managed of scaled across schools. This article was published by

Productivity is sometimes seen as a dirty word in education. But it does not have to be.2019-04-09T12:18:48+00:00

Highly Productive Rural Districts: What is the Secret Sauce?

2019-04-08T22:11:25+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Georgia Heyward September 2015 In this paper authors Marguerite Roza and Georgia Heyward identify some common themes that makes some remote rural districts “productivity superstars” and describe steps states can take to encourage and support district productivity. This paper was published by the Rural Opportunities Consortium of Idaho. Read More

Highly Productive Rural Districts: What is the Secret Sauce?2019-04-08T22:11:25+00:00

Promoting Productivity: Lessons from Rural Schools

2019-04-09T12:33:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2015 In this essay author Marguerite Roza challenges the assumption that rural districts are less productive than their urban or suburban peers by discussing rural districts can “beat the odds” by increasing student results without increasing per-pupil expenditures. Read More

Promoting Productivity: Lessons from Rural Schools2019-04-09T12:33:14+00:00

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students

2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Marguerite Roza April 2015 Teacher benefit costs are rising faster than salaries and new revenues are unlikely to appear. This new analysis by Marguerite Roza shows how a longer work year could increase teachers’ annual salaries and improve student outcomes. This unique solution works best as a flexible option for districts. Read More

Turning a Benefits Conundrum into a Potential Opportunity for Teachers and Students2019-04-09T12:36:09+00:00

Is spending more on education the best way to improve schools and teaching?

2019-04-09T12:43:58+00:00

Marguerite Roza April 2018 Is spending more on education the best way to improve schools and teaching? Marguerite Roza participated in an online conversation "Room for Debate" hosted by NY Times. Read her response to the question ~ Is spending more on education the best way to improve schools and teaching? (Basically, does more money mean better

Is spending more on education the best way to improve schools and teaching?2019-04-09T12:43:58+00:00

Title I: Time to Get It Right

2019-04-09T12:50:04+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Robin Lake March 2015 In this brief Marguerite Roza and Robin Lake, Center on Reinventing Public Education, reflect on the goals of Title I and offer five key principles to guide changes to Title I to fulfill its promise to poor students. Read More

Title I: Time to Get It Right2019-04-09T12:50:04+00:00

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students

2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco February 2015 Research has found that the impact of an effective teacher outweighs the impacts of smaller class sizes. In this analysis authors Marguerite Roza and Amanda Warco find allowing our best teachers to teach more students in lieu of hiring additional staff could offer teachers bonuses as high as $10,357 to

Paying the Best Teachers More to Teach More Students2019-04-11T03:12:43+00:00

Innovation Amid Financial Scarcity: The Opportunity in Rural Schools

2019-04-10T12:41:24+00:00

Marguerite Roza February 2015 In this paper, published by the Rural Opportunities Consortium of Idaho, Marguerite Roza explores spending and outcomes data of rural schools and highlights policy implications for states seeking improved outcomes for all their districts in the context of limited resources. Read More

Innovation Amid Financial Scarcity: The Opportunity in Rural Schools2019-04-10T12:41:24+00:00

The Phantom Menace: Policies that Protect Districts from Declining or Low Enrollments, Drive Up Spending and Inhibit Adaptation

2019-04-10T12:47:41+00:00

Jon Fullerton and Marguerite Roza January 2015 In this paper, part of the Productivity for Results Series published by George W. Bush Institute, authors Jon Fullerton and Marguerite Roza examine the curious practice of states funding school districts for students that no longer attend school there. Read More

The Phantom Menace: Policies that Protect Districts from Declining or Low Enrollments, Drive Up Spending and Inhibit Adaptation2019-04-10T12:47:41+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing

2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing In the absence of reliable estimates of national K-12 staffing, Jim Simpkins and Marguerite Roza compile data from several national sources to determine historical K – 12 staffing ratios. Their analysis finds that staffing ratios across K-12 education have risen precipitously over several decades and, despite the impact of the Great Recession, remain at

The Real Deal on K-12 Staffing2019-03-06T04:47:37+00:00

Building SEA Productivity

2019-04-11T12:30:07+00:00

Marguerite Roza July 2014 On July 12 Marguerite Roza presented a session at Council of Chief State School Officers' Summer Institute. In her session Chiefs heard about a basic framework for leading the productivity challenge that includes building a productivity data infrastructure, prioritizing flexibility, aligning funds with students, incentivizing innovation, and leading the change. Read More

Building SEA Productivity2019-04-11T12:30:07+00:00

A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity

2019-04-11T12:50:08+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2014 A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity In this essay Marguerite Roza discusses the data needed to support districts and schools as they seek new, more productive solutions. Read More

A State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity2019-04-11T12:50:08+00:00

SEA of the Future: Building the Productivity Infrastructure

2019-04-11T13:04:17+00:00

Marguerite Roza May 2014 Marguerite Roza authored two essays in this volume of The SEA of the Future. This volume published by BSCP Center introduces the “productivity infrastructure" the building blocks for an SEA committed to supporting productivity, innovation, and performance—from the state chief to the classroom. Read Marguerite's essays: Funding for Student's Sake: How to Stop

SEA of the Future: Building the Productivity Infrastructure2019-04-11T13:04:17+00:00

Webinar: Training Principals for Budgeting at the School Level

2019-04-12T02:40:11+00:00

Marguerite Roza April On April 8 Marguerite Roza hosted a webinar for district and school leaders to experience training segments used to raise capacity of principals for school level budgeting. Participants experienced a set of activities designed to help school leaders rethink the use of resources for better results with an emphasis placed on how principals can

Webinar: Training Principals for Budgeting at the School Level2019-04-12T02:40:11+00:00

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor

2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza March 2014   Public schools impact the cultural and material well-being of communities. In this paper authors Victor Reinoso and Marguerite Roza share how mayors can improve the quality-of-life and the economic base in their municipality by finding and promoting productive school models. Read More

Civic Vitality and Public Education Productivity: The Harbormaster Mayor2019-04-12T03:18:41+00:00

Webinar: Building a State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity

2019-04-14T14:40:52+00:00

Marguerite Roza February On February 26 Marguerite Roza conducted a webinar for state education agency leaders. This webinar explored how SEAs can build an information system designed to drive productivity – what data are needed, how to compile the data into useful resources for leaders at every level of education and how these stakeholders can use the

Webinar: Building a State Information System to Support Improvements in Productivity2019-04-14T14:40:52+00:00

Options for NY State in an Era of Constrained Resources

2019-04-17T19:28:43+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2014 In November 2014 Marguerite Roza presented at a public symposium of the NY Education Reform Commission "Maximizing Resources for Student and School Success". View this Presentation

Options for NY State in an Era of Constrained Resources2019-04-17T19:28:43+00:00

The SEA of the Future: Prioritizing Productivity

2019-04-17T19:42:18+00:00

Marguerite Roza, Betheny Gross, Ashley Jochim Michael Podgursky and Data Quality Campaign November 2013 Marguerite Roza co-authored two essays in this volume of The SEA of the Future. This volume published by BSCP Center examines how state leaders, challenged with having to make decisions on how to use limited resources are faced with an uneasy zero-sum game:

The SEA of the Future: Prioritizing Productivity2019-04-17T19:42:18+00:00

Teacher Retirement Benefits: Defining a More Active Role for SEAs and Their Chiefs

2019-04-17T19:51:49+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Michael Podgursky November 2013 In this essay from The SEA of the Future Volume 2, Marguerite Roza and Michael Podgursky draw on their research on productivity and pensions to look in depth at the startling long-term costs of educator pension systems and the counterproductive employment incentives embedded in these systems. Although only state legislatures

Teacher Retirement Benefits: Defining a More Active Role for SEAs and Their Chiefs2019-04-17T19:51:49+00:00

Leveraging Productivity for Progress: An Imperative for States

2019-04-17T19:59:59+00:00

Marguerite Roza November 2013 In this essay published in The SEA of the Future, Volume 2, author Marguerite Roza makes the case for why productivity is essential to improving outcomes for students. Roza offers officials at state education agencies an action plan toward embedding productivity into everyday decision making. Read More

Leveraging Productivity for Progress: An Imperative for States2019-04-17T19:59:59+00:00

Dollars and Sense Accountability

2019-04-17T20:16:14+00:00

Marguerite Roza July 2013 In July 2013 Marguerite Roza spoke with 23 district leaders, charter organizations and funders at the Portfolio School District Network meeting in Seattle. Using a recent analysis of Minneapolis Public Schools Marguerite discussed how districts could start to view schools in terms of costs and outcomes and using this lens to support the

Dollars and Sense Accountability2019-04-17T20:16:14+00:00

Funding Phantom Students

2019-04-17T22:10:56+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Jon Fullerton Summer 2013 In this brief published by Education Next, authors Marguerite Roza and Jon Fullerton describe a common practice that inhibits both efficiency and productivity: funding students who do not actually attend school in funded districts and how this is often overlooked by state leaders. Read this Report

Funding Phantom Students2019-04-17T22:10:56+00:00

How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking

2019-04-17T22:16:22+00:00

Marguerite Roza January 2013 Marguerite Roza authored chapter three of Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century (P. McGuinn and P. Manna, eds). This book comprehensively assesses the strengths and weaknesses of what remains of the old in education governance, scrutinizes how traditional governance forms are changing, and suggests how governing arrangements might be further altered to produce

How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking2019-04-17T22:16:22+00:00

Innovating Toward Sustainability: How Computer Labs Can Enable New Staffing Structures, and New Savings

2019-04-20T13:34:57+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Suzanne Simburg December 2012 Using wage and staffing data from states, authors Marguerite Roza and Suzanne Simburg project the financial and staffing implications of one innovative school model (the Rocketship lab rotation) to highlight potential impacts on the schooling workforce and total per-student spending. This Rapid Response brief was published by the Center on

Innovating Toward Sustainability: How Computer Labs Can Enable New Staffing Structures, and New Savings2019-04-20T13:34:57+00:00

The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis

2019-04-20T13:50:21+00:00

Marguerite Roza and Monica Ouijdani December 2012 Consideration of whether smaller classes are preferable to larger ones requires some recognition of the opportunity costs involved. This brief authored by Marguerite Roza and Monica Ouijdani provides a state-by-state context by computing the dollars at stake in marginally raising the number of students per class. This paper was published

The Opportunity Cost of Smaller Classes: A State-By-State Spending Analysis2019-04-20T13:50:21+00:00

The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master’s Degrees in Teacher Compensation

2019-04-21T13:00:03+00:00

Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza July 2012 This brief by Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza dissects the nation’s sizeable investment in master’s bumps as a means of highlighting policy obstacles to a more smartly differentiated compensation approach. The report was published by the Center for American Progress. Read this Paper

The Sheepskin Effect and Student Achievement: De-emphasizing the Role of Master’s Degrees in Teacher Compensation2019-04-21T13:00:03+00:00

Rethinking State Education Finance Toward Greater Productivity

2019-04-21T13:05:33+00:00

Marguerite Roza Marguerite Roza gave this presentation on November 10, 2011 to members of the National Conference of State Legislatures at "Reallocation of Scarce State Resources: A Seminar for Education Committee Chairs." This presentation framed how state legislators might think differently about their investment in education to maximize scarce state dollars and improve student achievement. View

Rethinking State Education Finance Toward Greater Productivity2019-04-21T13:05:33+00:00

Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers

2019-04-21T13:10:24+00:00

Michael J. Petrilli and Marguerite Roza January 2011 This policy brief by Michael J. Petrilli and Marguerite Roza lists fifteen concrete ways that states can “stretch the school dollar” in these difficult financial times. This brief was published by Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Read More

Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers2019-04-21T13:10:24+00:00

Washington State High Schools Pay Less for Math and Science Teachers than for Teachers in Other Subjects

2019-04-21T13:30:34+00:00

Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza This paper published by Center on Reinventing Public Education first explores the past and future outlook for education absent productivity gains. The authors, Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza, then discuss several areas in which labor-intensive businesses have improved productivity: information technology, deregulation, redefinition of the product, increased efficiency in the supply chain,

Washington State High Schools Pay Less for Math and Science Teachers than for Teachers in Other Subjects2019-04-21T13:30:34+00:00

Curing Baumol’s Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Curing Baumol's Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education This paper published by Center on Reinventing Public Education first explores the past and future outlook for education absent productivity gains. The authors, Paul Hill and Marguerite Roza, then discuss several areas in which labor-intensive businesses have improved productivity: information technology, deregulation, redefinition of the product, increased efficiency in

Curing Baumol’s Disease: In Search of Productivity Gains in Public Education2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom This analysis by Marguerite Roza published by Education Next in summer 2009 examines ways in which per-pupil spending in high schools varies by subject and course level, and demonstrates how isolating spending on discrete services can 1) identify the relationships between priorities, current spending, and outcomes; 2) clarify both relative

Breaking Down School Budgets: Following the Dollars into the Classroom2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students

2019-04-21T13:41:21+00:00

Cristina Sepe and Marguerite Roza May 2010 Looking at the 15 largest districts in California authors Cristina Sepe and Marguerite Roza, demonstrate that teachers at risk of layoff are concentrated in schools with more poor and minority students, concluding that "last in, first out" policies disproportionately affect the programs and students in their poorer and more minority

The Disproportionate Impact of Seniority-Based Layoffs on Poor, Minority Students2019-04-21T13:41:21+00:00

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go?

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go? This book authored by Marguerite Roza explains how varied funding streams can prevent schools from delivering academic services that mesh with their stated priorities and offers concrete prescriptions for reform. This book is available for purchase at Amazon

Educational Economics: Where Do School Funds Go?2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings This brief by Marguerite Roza, Chris Lozier and Cristina Sepe explores trends in K–12 education jobs—those funded through the stimulus and by other means—to answer the question of what role ARRA played in overall education employment. This Rapid Response brief was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

K–12 Job Trends Amidst Stimulus Funds: Early Findings2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings This analysis by Marguerite Roza and Susan Funk explores how state education spending has changed or will change given the application of the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund. This Rapid Response brief was published by Center on Reinventing Public Education. Read this report

Have States Disproportionately Cut Education Budgets During ARRA? Early Findings2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education This paper by Marguerite Roza examines how calculating the per unit costs of what schools or districts can deliver can provide the best insight into the implications of all that spending. This paper was prepared for the American Enterprise Institute and Thomas B. Fordham Institute conference,

Now is a Great Time to Compute the Per-Unit Cost of Everything in Education2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education

2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00

Marguerite Roza February 2009 In this Rapid Response brief, published by Center on Reinventing Public Education, Marguerite Roza details why K-12 school districts that lay off personnel according to seniority cause disproportionate damage to their programs and students than if layoffs were determined on a seniority-neutral basis. Button Text

Seniority-Based Layoffs Will Exacerbate Job Loss in Public Education2019-04-21T13:48:15+00:00

What is the Sum of the Parts?

2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

What is the Sum of the Parts? How Federal, State, and District Funding Streams Confound Efforts to Address Different Student Types This report by Marguerite Roza, Kacey Guin, and Tricia Davis demonstrates in greater detail than ever before how America’s methods of school finance work against a single-minded focus on student learning. This paper was published by Center on Reinventing

What is the Sum of the Parts?2019-03-06T04:48:16+00:00

A Cost Allocation Model for Shared District Resources: A Means for Comparing Spending Across Schools

2019-05-23T23:57:03+00:00

Lawrence J. Miller, Marguerite Roza, and Claudine Swartz Recent policy changes at the state and federal level have made schools the focus of accountability. However, under current budgeting practices, it is difficult to assess how resources are distributed between schools and whether every school is afforded the same opportunities to meet its educational goals. This paper authored

A Cost Allocation Model for Shared District Resources: A Means for Comparing Spending Across Schools2019-05-23T23:57:03+00:00